Assalamualaikum w.b.t.,

Hidup di dunia yang sementara ini banyak mengabui mata kita tentang matlamat kehidupan yang sebenarnya. Kita semakin terdesak dengan himpitan kehidupan dan berlumba-lumba untuk mencari kehidupan yang lazimnya lebih menampakkan keduniaa semata-mata.
Apakah ada di antara pelaburan yang semakin hari semakin kurang diberikan tumpuan? Namun, apakah kita menidakkan keperluan yang perlu kita sediakan di dunia bagi persediaan akhirat? Bagaimanakah pula pelaburan di dunia yang wajar dilakukan untuk persediaan akhirat kita? Wajar rasanya kita sama-sama bincangkan dan jadikan maklumat bersama ini sebagai panduan kita merentasi dunia untuk menempah tempat yang selesa di akhirat kelak, insyaallah.

Pandangan serta komen rakan-taulan, pak-pak ustaz, profesionalis, akauntan, hartawan, dermawan, pak/mak wan dan sebagainya boleh dikongsi untuk dijadikan panduan disamping memperkuatkan ukhwah sesama kita. Sila diemailkan pandangan anda ke mryteratak@gmail.com.


Wassalam.
5/11/2009
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Pemberitahuan: Semua maklumat di blog ini adalah pandangan peribadi melainkan dinyatakan sebaliknya. Sila rujuk kepada institusi atau badan yang berkaitan untuk maklumat lebih lanjut. Sebarang rujukan dari blog ini adalah risiko sendiri.Pengarang tidak bertanggungjawab di atas sebarang masalah yang timbul disebabkan oleh bahan diblog ini.

Monday, February 1, 2010

Unit Amanah atau BSKL? Anda mahu melabur?

 Assalamualaikum w.b.t.,

Dalam pos sebelum ini telah ditunjukkan contoh "trend" Unit Amanah yang terikat dengan prestasi FBMEMAS/KLCI. Bagaimana pula jika Unit Amanah berkenaan bertindak berlawanan dengan "trend" FBMEMAS/KLCI atau langsung tidak mengikut "trend" meningkat atau mendatar sahaja? Apakah yang berlaku? FUND Manager tidak melaksanakan kerja/tidur? FUND Manager tidak berpengalaman? FUND Manager tidak mampu mengawal prestasi dana? Atau FUND Manager itu dan ini semua negatif belaka?

Jika sesuatu Unit Amanah mengikut "trend" prestasi indeks sandaran mereka maka boleh dikatakan ianya telah dikawal dan diawasi dengan baik oleh FUND Manager yang berkaitan. Perkembangan pasaran atau ekonomi sangat bergantung kepada situasi semasa ekonomi dunia atau setempat tidak kira dari permasalahan ekonomi itu sendiri, politik, penyakit, rasuah pemerintah, bencana alam dan sebagainya. Antara alat yang digunakan untuk mengawasi perkembangan ekonomi negara adalah indeks FBM-KLCI yang disokong oleh beratus syarikat yang disenaraikan. Ekonomi Malaysia sangat bergantung kepada ekonomi US. Oleh itu apabila berlaku kejatuhan pasaran di US (DJIA), kesan kejatuhan akan dirasai oleh FBM-KLCI, begitu juga pergantungan kepada ekonomi negara lain seperti Cina, Eropah dan sebagainya. 

Pemegang unit amanah memperolehi keuntungan (Kes Public Mutual Islamic Optimal Growth Fund) dari; 1) Dividen/bonus pelaburan, 2) Jual-beli saham; yang ditukarkan ke unit tambahan dan dimasukkan ke dalam akaun pelabur. Pelabur hanya mendapat keuntungan mutlak apabila menjual unit-unit amanah mereka bergantung kepada pasaran semasa.

Jika sedemikian, maka melabur dalam pasaran terbuka di BSKL adalah lebih baik berbanding dengan unit amanah? 

Dalam persoalan ini, pada pandangan saya jawapannya ya dan boleh juga tidak bergantung kepada kemahiran, kebijaksanaan, sanggup mengambil risiko dan ada masa yang banyak untuk mengawasi pelaburan yang dibuat. oleh pelabur-pelabur. Penilaian boleh dibuat berdasarkan:

  1. Unit Amanah di awasi oleh Pengurus Dana (FUND Manager) Profesional dari Syarikat Pelaburan, dari pengalaman boleh mengenal pasti potensi dan risiko pelaburan berbanding jika kita sendiri yang menjadi pengurus dana pelaburan kita. 
  2. Pengurus Dana bekerja sepenuh masa dalam pelaburan berbanding kita yang melabur secara sambilan. Masa urusniaga bursa adalah pada masa kita bekerja. Tidak boleh memberi perhatian sepenuhnya kepada pergerakan pelaburan kita.
  3. Keadaan aliran pasaran, pemilihan syarikat berprestasi atau berjajaran yang baik,  suasana ekonomi global dan sebagainya perlu difahami sepenuhnya untuk mengelakkan kerugian dan meningkatkan keuntungan menerusi dividen dan jual-beli saham.
  4. Melalui unit amanah, pelaburan dibuat ke pelbagai syarikat dan sektor pelaburan dengan modal yang lebih  kecil berbanding dengan melabur sendiri di bursa. Sebagai contoh, dengan modal RM3000.00 di unit amanah, hasil pelaburan datangnya dari 20 syarikat, tetapi untuk jumlah yang sama apabila melabur sendiri mungkin sesuai dilaburkan kepada satu atau dua syarikat sahaja.
Namun pilihan melabur di BSKL atau menerusi Unit Amanah adalah pilihan kita. Untuk melabur terus ke Bursa seharusnya sedikit ilmu pelaburan perlu dipelajari bagi mengelakkan kerugian. Tidak dinafikan, melabur sendiri adalah lebih fleksibel dan jika kena caranya, keuntungan yang diperolehi boleh berlipat ganda. Dua artikel dikepilkan untuk tatapan berkaitan membuat keputusan dalam pelaburan saham. Sekarang ini adalah masa yang terbaik untuk menilai peluang-peluang pelaburan semasa Indeks FBM sedang menyusut dan memperbaiki semula posisi pelaburan supaya  lebih mantap.

"Buy low, while people selling; Sell high, while people buying"
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1) Momentum – The trend is not always your friend

Source: http://www.moneycontrol.com/news/mf-experts/momentum-–-the-trend-is-not-always-your-friend_438780.html

Have you ever thought why most stock tips you receive are about buying a stock that has done well recently, a recent winner? Are your brokers and friends great stock pickers who pick stocks that do well, or is it just momentum – picking stocks AFTER they have done well – at work? With no offense to anybody’s skills, it’s probably the latter.

Momentum is India’s favourite market strategy. Most stock picks and market recommendations, whether they come from a broker’s desk or a cocktail party, when looked at in any detail, point to momentum. What does that mean? Quite simply, it means betting on things that have done well recently – whether it is an individual stock, a particular sector or the market as a whole. A classic recent example – everyone wants to buy steel stocks because they have done well, everyone wants to sell telecom stocks because they have done badly. Buy winners, sell losers, it’s as simple as that.

Indians are not the only ones who understand or love momentum, and there is no magic behind it. Momentum is a time-tested globally known investment strategy with its roots in behavioural finance. When good news comes out, people under react because they are not sure, and the stock price doesn’t rise enough. The stock has room to go, and as more good news comes out, people overreact, driving the stock price up further. Similarly, on the downside, as bad news comes out, people over react to bad news, and in despair run for an exit, leading to a further correction. The tendency to overreact to bad news and under react to good news is timeless and inherent in human nature, and as long as it works, momentum trading will continue to work.

In fact, momentum has historically been even more powerful in India, than other global markets, and is one of the best performing strategies over the last 15 years. The most basic indicators have made for very favourable trading strategies. What makes it even more popular is that momentum is one of the easiest things to do – it takes very little to get the past prices of stocks and figure out which ones are doing well. You don’t need to know anything about the stock or the business to trade momentum – you could be following the price of bananas for all it matters.

Moreover, for a broker or an individual, momentum is a professional and socially safe strategy. You’re always following the trend, always selling what is doing well, and that’s a pretty easy sale to make. You always sound right, and who doesn’t like that? Compare this to value investing – after all the work involved in understanding a company’s inherent value and financials, you are the one rooting for an undervalued firm whose stock price has been beaten down. Even tougher, you’re running down a company that has done well because it is overvalued, even though everyone else loves it. It’s a pretty unpopular place to be in and a tough sale to make to a client.

Unfortunately, for all its ease and apparent money making abilities, momentum can revert pretty quickly, and when it does, it gets ugly. No trend sustains itself forever, definitely not in the short to medium term, and when a trend reverts, it is painful being a momentum trader. Think of 2007. For the three year bull run, markets were doing well, and every trader was bullish – momentum did well and every investor felt they had discovered a gold mine…until 2008 struck. The upward trend reverted, the market crashed and momentum crashed with it, and quickly. Momentum traders saw gains made over three years quickly erode as markets took a turn.

My favourite story about the dangers of playing momentum is Religare AGILE, a mutual fund that claimed to be a quant fund, but is actually just playing momentum. AGILE launched when the tide just turned and momentum was having its worse run. In a year when the markets were down 60%, AGILE bled much more. A period of downward momentum followed and AGILE did fine, but come May 2009, the downward trend reverted. The markets rallied nearly 90%, momentum strategies suffered, and AGILE returned less than 50%. AGILE’s poor performance, incidentally, has nothing to do with being a quant fund – many quants have done well over this period – it is simply playing momentum.

Cut to the last quarter of 2009 – another great period for momentum as the markets have had an upward trend, and to no surprise, AGILE has done superbly, as have other funds that have played the same trick. What will happen to them when the trend reverts, however, is the question?

Should you not play momentum or invest in a momentum fund? In general, yes, investing in a concentrated strategy is a bad idea – investments should be diversified across investment styles. If you do have to play momentum, do it in a conservative way with moderate risk. Most of all don’t be fooled by a manager’s great returns over a period – he may just be playing momentum. Check out his returns when the trend reverts.

Be careful when playing momentum – following the trend may appear to be your friend, but can quickly turn into a foe you had never bargained for.
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2) Long term investors in the stock market will know that most go through hot and cold streaks.


 Copy from: http://myinvestingnotes.blogspot.com
More importantly, investors should aim for durable, long-term outperformance. 
However, many investors either
  • lose in equity investment or
  • end up in a no profit-no loss situation.
Often, it happens that you start putting money in equities and the market moves to new highs. Then you are tempted to put in more money, since you are getting higher returns. Suddenly, the market starts to slide down.

Forget returns on investment, you are not even able to recover your capital. This is a common grouse of most investors.
Why? Is it because you make wrong decision or because the market is only meant for speculators and gamblers?

No, that’s not true. We go through this pain again and again because we do not learn from our previous experiences in the market.
Only the ‘smart investors’ survive the ups and downs in the market and make pots of money.

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